Felt is a kind of rug produced by getting wool wet, heating and compressing it.Heat and moisture makes the fibers of wool to hook together or weave together, and compressing speeds up the process. The dense texture of felt does not permeate humidity or the cold.
Felting is probably the oldest way of using wool to make a rug. These types of rugs are made in cold areas where people keep livestock and produce wool.The process of felt making starts by spreading the wool on the ground and applying water and soap to it. Then, the local artists walk on the felt with bare feet and then use hands and elbows to compress it. They croon in groups while doing that.
When the wool gets compressed they roll it in mat and heat it from underneath while a few men walk on it. Bigger felts take hours to be compressed. Then, they open the roll and create designs on the felt with strips of colorful wool and continue compressing until the design become part of the felt.
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First, natural wool is bought from nearby villages and sold to people who practice felting. The color of Natural wool include milky, chocolate brown, dark brown, black and white. Then raw material (wool) must be carded.
The artist lays down strips of colorful wool on the mat based on his conceptual design. Then, he or she cover it with a layer of natural wool.
After making the wool wet they roll it and walk on it until the wool becomes dry. Then, they open the roll, make the felt wet again, roll the wool and walk on it again. They do this up to 3 times.
Felting with hands: they roll part of the felt and do the compressing with elbows this time instead of bare feet until felt is compressed nicely. Finally they dry the felt in an open air.
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