Hammering has been common in Iran since 5000 B.C. In old times, it was the craftsman’s job to turn the bullion and copper parts into copper sheets, shape it like a container and hammer. Different hammers are applied through the whole process.
Today the process of crafting copper containers is done with machinery help and in the final step the container is hammered. In some rare cases, the container is hand-made. Coppersmith always starts his work with thicker sheets but the final product is thinner than the consumed copper.
Coppersmiths who made copper sheets out of copper bullions and wastes hammered the bullions or turned them into sheets by rolling machines and cut them in different parts. They were the suppliers of sheets to coppersmith artisans who produced the containers that people needed.
Today, because of industry growth producing sheets is outdated. Artisans buy rolls or round sheets of copper manufactured in factories straight from the market.
Coppersmith method is same everywhere in Iran and is done in four steps.
1-cutting copper sheets
2-heating the copper in kiln
4-polishing and adding a layer of tin inside the container
Hammering has been passed on from fathers to sons and craftsmen who are in this profession in bazaar are all over 70 years old. Their fathers and grandfathers have also been coppersmiths. Unfortunately, the industry of hammering is being outdated due to modernization of the society and out of many coppersmiths there are only a few left.
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